February 19, [1]. The Making and Meaning of Feminist Knowledge. Retrieved 19 February Friedan states that the editorial decisions concerning women’s magazines at the time were being made mostly by men, who insisted on stories and articles that showed women as either happy housewives or unhappy careerists, thus creating the “feminine mystique”—the idea that women were naturally fulfilled by devoting their lives to being housewives and mothers. The Feminine Mystique is widely regarded as one of the most influential nonfiction books of the 20th century, and is widely credited with sparking the beginning of second-wave feminism in the United States. On February 22 and 23, , a symposium titled React: They received the award from the Illinois State Historical Society.

Women Girls Mothers Femininity. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Friedan says that this change in education arrested girls in their emotional development at a young age, because they never had to face the painful identity crisis and subsequent maturation that comes from dealing with many adult challenges. She also advocates a new life plan for her women readers, including not viewing housework as a career, not trying to find total fulfillment through marriage and motherhood alone, and finding meaningful work that uses their full mental capacity. Archived from the original on From immediately after its publishing and continuing until even now, The Feminine Mystique has been the recipient of much backlash against feminism. Friedan points out that this is unproven and that Margaret Mead , a prominent functionalist, had a flourishing career as an anthropologist.

Retrieved from ” https: On February 22 and 23,a symposium titled React: Politicians began to recognize the frustrations of women due in part to Betty Friedan.

Why Was The Feminine Mystique Such a Phenomenon?: A Clarification

Archived from the original on From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. She argues, “In a sense that goes beyond any woman’s life, I think this is a crisis of women growing up—a turning point from an immaturity that has been called femininity to full human identity.

All articles with dead external links Articles with dead external links from February Articles with permanently dead external links Webarchive template wayback links. She notes that they secured important rights for women, including education, the right to pursue a career, and the right to vote.


Why Was The Feminine Mystique Such a Phenomenon?: A Clarification – CaltechTHESIS

In the final chapter of The Feminine MystiqueFriedan discusses several case studies of women who have begun to go against the feminine mystique.

The detrimental effects induced by this image was that it narrowed women into the domestic sphere and led many women to lose their own identities. Many women dropped out of school early to marry, afraid that if they waited too long or became too educated, they would not be able to attract a husband.

The Feminine Mystique drew large numbers of white, tuesis women to the feminist cause. Norton publishing house, where Betty Friedan’s work was initially circulated to be published as a book also generated some criticism.

betty friedan the feminine mystique thesis

Friedan points out that the average age of marriage was dropping, the portion of feminihe attending college was decreasing and the birthrate was increasing for women throughout the s, yet the widespread trend of unhappy women persisted, although American culture insisted that fulfillment for women could be found in marriage and housewifery.

It discusses the lives of several housewives friedah around the United States who were unhappy despite living in material comfort and being married with children.

betty friedan the feminine mystique thesis

Friedan notes that the uncertainties and fears during World War II and the Cold War made Americans long for the comfort of home, so they tried to create an idealized home life with the father as breadwinner and the mother as housewife.

According to Kirsten Fermaglich and Lisa Fine, “women of color—African American, Latina, Asian American and Native American women—were completely absent from Friedan’s vision, as were white working-class and poor women. Friedan notes that many housewives have sought fulfillment in sex, unable to find it in housework and children; Friedan notes that sex cannot fulfill all of a person’s needs, and that attempts to make it do so often drive married women to have affairs or drive their husbands away as they become obsessed with sex.

Law and custom have much to give women that has been withheld from them, but the position of women will surely be what it is: In the commission appointed to review the status of women recommended an end to inequities.


Why Freud Was Wrong: NOW demanded the removal of all barriers to “equal and economic advance”. Friedan points out that this is unproven and that Margaret Meada prominent functionalist, had a flourishing career as an anthropologist.

The Feminine Mystique – Wikipedia

Retrieved January 12, She discusses the conflicts that some women may face in this journey to self-actualization, including their own fears and resistance from others. As Friedan pointed out, “part of the strange newness of the problem is that it cannot be understood in terms of the age-old material problems of man: Also into celebrate its centennial the U.

The Fourth Dimensionbut instead only wrote an article by that name, which appeared in the Ladies’ Home Journal in June Women’s history Feminist history Timeline of women’s rights other than voting. Despite these criticisms, her “language aimed at white American middle-class women won large numbers of supporters to the feminist cause,” implying perhaps that Friedan’s decision to exclude other groups was deliberate in mobilizing a group of women that had in some cases not thought of the improvement of their rights.

An Interview with Stephanie Coontz”. Friedan recalls her own decision to conform to society’s expectations by giving up her promising career in psychology to raise children, and shows that other young women still struggled with the same kind of decision. During the year ofThe Feminine Mystique became the bestselling nonfiction book with over one million copies sold. Also inThe Feminine Mystique was discussed frieddan Makers: She originally intended to publish an article on the topic, not a book, but no magazine would publish her article.

betty friedan the feminine mystique thesis