MEDC VOLCANO CASE STUDY A LEVEL

Animation of ash cloud spreading. This volcano erupts more often and is known to be more violent. Within Iceland many people were very lucky as t he volcano is on the south coast and the wind carried the ash southeast towards Europe: This was a problem because winds would have dispersed the cloud better. Volcanic activity has calmed down in recent years and people have begun to return to the island. There were mud flows and lahars.

The graphic shows the progress of the eruption and its impact on the island. Hire car companies and other forms of transport Hiked their prices as people sought other ways to get home, on my way back from France I met people who had paid thousands of pounds to hire a car to get them to Northern France to take a ferry. Composite volcano On the 3rd of December, , an eruption occured and resulted in the crater exhibiting a lava fountain which reached 3,ft in height. The ash contaminated local water supplies and farmers near the volcano were warned not to let their livestock drink from contaminated streams and water sources, as high concentrations of fluoride from the ash mixed with river water can have deadly effects, particularly in sheep. Animation of ash cloud spreading. In addition, all of the countries in Europe have bodies which determine the safety of conditions to fly in. The map shows the extent of the ash cloud, note it interrupts not just European flights but also Trans Atlantic fights.

The London office gave information on ash which is based on information from the Icelandic Met Office. Finally, in legal and insurance terms the EU is well prepared.

The Icelandic Meteorological Office monitors earth movements, water conditions and weather and issues warnings. Indeed, visibility was down to a few metres and local cattle farmers suffered.

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The major problem with this volcano was volcanic ash and the ash plume that resulted from the eruption. The nature of the volcanic hazard — type, frequency, magnitude The major problem with this volcano was volcanic ash and the ash plume that resulted from the eruption.

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This fine grained ash poses a problem to airplanes, as it can affect many systems when it enters the engines and even turn to a glassy substance because of the heat of the jet engine.

The impact of the event social, economic, environmentalin the short and longer term Within Iceland many people were very lucky as t he volcano is on the caxe coast and x wind carried the ash southeast towards Europe: This also has a knock on effect on International flights globally as they could not land or take off from Europe.

The ash fell onto the fishing village of Unalaska.

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Between March the 3 rd and 5 th of there were plenty of warning signs of an eruption, as there were over 3, recorded earthquakes, the vast majority of these being less than 2 on the Richter scale and only some large enough to studdy felt in nearby towns.

This was a problem because winds would have dispersed the cloud better. Finally, many companies had contingency plans in place for an emergency such as this, so could cope better, Tesco circumvented the ash voldano by flying Kenyan produce into Spain and then using road haulage for example. Animation of ash cloud spreading. These particles clog caes the engines of aircraft that attempt to fly through them, and this is the reason for aviation disruption.

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Europe’s high volcano 3,m and is the most active. Once Chances Peak had woken up it then remained active for five years. It was also categorised as both a fissure and explosive eruption. In addition, the EU has other transport mechanisms such as extensive road and motorway networks, rail networks including the Channel tunnel and boat networks which were particularly important for the transportation of food goods etc.

The eruption caused heavy tephra to destroy 2 seismic information sensors. Despite the evacuations, 19 people were killed by the eruptions as a small group of people voocano to stay behind to watch over their crops.

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Their legal, technical and infrastructure systems can cope with hazards such as this eruption, even if there are economic impacts. Mount St Helen Case Study.

Mount Etna rests on the subduction boundary where the African tectonic plate is being pushed under the Eurasian plate. Mount Etna Case Study.

MEDC volcano case studies

This area is therefore incredibly vulnerable to this sort of activity, but weather conditions made the effects of the ash must worse.

The other complicating factor is that the volcano is covered by the Eyjafjallajokul l glacier. Before the eruption in the volcano is known to have erupted in, and Travelers stuck by the ash cloud were entitled to legal compensation from their airlines and their airlines were also legally responsible for the well-being of stranded passengers. Within Iceland many people were very lucky as t he volcano is on the south coast and the wind carried the ash southeast towards Europe: The capital, Plymouth, has been covered in layers of ash and mud.

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Mt Etna Case study. Over 1 million flower stalks were unsold in the first two days and over 50, farmers were temporarily unemployed as their beans and peas could not be sold.

Responses to the event. The ash contaminated local water supplies and farmers near the volcano were warned not to let their livestock drink from contaminated streams and water sources, as high concentrations of fluoride from the ash mixed with river water can have deadly effects, particularly in sheep.