Given this, Littlefield’s thesis still seems plausible. The protest no longer comes from farmers, however. Dehumanized, the simple laborer has been turned into a machine. Genovese described The Wonderful Wizard of Oz as “the story of the sad collapse of Populism and the issues upon which the movement was based. At this time there had been a lot of economic and social difficulties.
It was an interesting notion, one scholars could not leave alone, and they soon began to find additional correspondences between Populism and The Wonderful Wizard of Oz. There had also been a dreadful amount of depression and there had later been a populist movement of the Populist Party. Michael Patrick Hearn, the leading scholar on L. In the historical content, they portray the farmer who works day in and day out, but not seeing any benefits from their farming. Michael Patrick Hearn is preparing a new biography of Baum; for now, the most reliable source of information is Hearn, ed.
Bywhen Bryan was again defeated by Po;ulism, Populism already had one foot in the political grave. Dehumanized, the simple laborer has been turned into a machine.
Together, all four of wizadd took the yellow brick road to Emerald City. Curator Peter Liebhold takes a trip to the children’s section of the library for inspiration in understanding the economic factors that promote populism. Rockoff, who saw in The Wonderful Wizard of Oz “a sophisticated commentary on the political and economic debates of the Populist Era,” discovered a surprising number of new analogies.
The Wizard of Oz – Parable on Populism Essay
Dorothy’s faithful dog represented the teetotaling Prohibitionists, an important part of the silverite coalition, and anyone familiar with the silverites’ slogan “16 to 1”–that is, the ratio of sixteen ounces of silver to one ounce of gold–would have instantly recognized “Oz” as the abbreviation for “ounce.
In Januaryafter the business failed, he bought a local newspaper, renaming it the Aberdeen Saturday Pioneer. In his reading, the Emerald City, the terminus of the yellow brick road, is Washington, D. The Wizard himself was Mark Hanna, McKinley’s campaign manager, although Rockoff noted that “this is one of the few points at which the allegory does not work straightforwardly.
First, he produced an overwhelming number of correspondences, and others have added to the list. Paper money had been redeemable for gold from a fixed exchange rate by the monetary system in the United States during the nineteenth and twentieth century. The Wizard of Oz was very family friendly, as many children and parents enjoyed either reading the novel, or watching the musical or movie.
This production was such a hit that it had been turned into three movies and there were a number of plays on it. Stuart Culver discussed Baum’s book as a reflection of the advertising that accompanied the consumer culture. Littlefield eventually wrote an article, ” The Wizard of Oz: There was a connection to real life and society in the nineteenth century with the Wizard of Oz between the characters and settings from this production.
For example, Dorothy, who represents the sort of innocent and good teh of America. Yet, as everyone knows, The Wizard of Oz is more than just another celluloid classic; it has become a permanent part of American popular culture. Hearn wrote that he had found “no evidence that Baum’s story is in any way a Populist allegory”; Littlefield’s argument, Hearn concluded, “has no basis in fact.
So Was the Wizard of Oz an Allegory for Populism?
In the book, a cyclone appears to come and takes Dorothy and Toto to this magical land named the Land of Oz. She lived a boring life in a place that was completely dried up from the sun, which is what the living conditions were actually like in Kansas at that populusm. He is a giant head to Dorothy, a great beast to parabe Tin Woodman, a big ball of fire to the Cowardly Lion, and a fairy to the Scarecrow.
The Tinman represents the American worker who mostly has populist views. There Dorothy meets the Scarecrow, the TinMan, and the Cowardly Lion who are all in need of something that is considered important to them; a brain, a heart, and courage.
Perhaps parqble best example was a widely-reprinted essay, first published in the Los Angeles Times inin which Michael A.
In an ingenuous act of imaginative scholarship, Henry M. Littlefield’s article seems not to have been taken to heart and was generally forgotten, until Gore Vidalwriting about Oz in The New York Review of Books inmentioned the article, and the idea took off.
Also, the events that occurred during the Populist Movement involving farmers, their hardships, oppressed workers, and politics mirrored Dorothy, the Scarecrow, the Tinman, and the Cowardly Lion.
Populism and the World of Oz | National Museum of American History
The Wicked Witch of the East represented factories and industrialized settings. The Scarecrow is off to find himself a new brain.
Littlefield looked at The Wonderful Wizard of Oz and saw things no one had seen there before. The cyclone is supposed to represent the Populist Movement and the political upheaval it brought involving William Jennings Bryan, and the Granger movement. It was basically to stop the government from using only gold at times.
In retrospect, the concerns that galvanized Populists to action in the s were not as clear cut as they seem at first glance. Our campaign to raise support to conserve Dorothy’s Ruby Slippers and our This can be known as gold money.